Contributors to the Technical Manual
Ethical Markets is updating data and content on this page. Below is ARCHIVE CONTENT relevant for a general understanding of the Indicators. We will announce on www.ethicalmarkets.com when each indicator update is complete.
The Calvert-Henderson Quality of Life Indicators were developed with a group of scholars and practitioners who have spent most of their careers examining their respective domains of study. Their expertise was invaluable in developing and updating the Indicators and we gratefully thank them for their efforts.
Constance Battle, M.D. – Health
Patrice Flynn, Ph.D. – Employment
Dr. Trudy Karlson – Public Safety
John A. “Skip” Laitner – Energy
William J. Mallett, Ph.D. – Infrastructure
Richard A. Peterson, Ph.D. – Re-creation
Patrick A. Simmons – Shelter
Jill Diane Swenson, Ph.D. – Education
Riane Eisler – Human Rights
Mary Jenifer – Health
Alya Kayal, Esq. – Human Rights
Carrie Y. Lee. – Re-creation
Lawrence Mishel, Ph.D. – Income
Kenneth P. Scott – Environment
Colonel Daniel M. Smith, Ret. – National Security
Constance Battle is a medical doctor who served as the first Fellow of the Healthier Communities Program of the Healthcare Forum. She is currently Executive Director of the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health, which develops private and public sector partnerships to support the goals of the National Institutes for Health and meet the challenges of the many diseases that affect society.
Before joining the Foundation, Dr. Battle was Executive Director of the National Museum of Women in the Arts for nearly two years. Dr. Battle served as the Chief Executive Officer and Medical Director of the Hospital for Sick Children in Washington, D.C. from 1973 to 1995. Dr. Battle is currently a professor in the Department of Pediatrics at the George Washington University School of Medicine where she is president of the Medical School Alumni Association. She is also a member of the academic staff at Children’s National Medical Center.
Riane Eisler is the author of The Chalice and the Blade: Our History, Our Future, which was hailed by Princeton antrhopologist Ashley Montagu as “the most important book since Darwin’s Origin of Species” and translated into 16 languages. Her other books, Sacred Pleasure: Sex, Myth, and Politics of the Body, The Partnership Way, Women, Men, and Global Quality of Life (based on a study of statistical data from 89 nations), Dissolution and Equal Rights Handbook, have also received wide use and critical praise. Her forthcoming book, Tomorrow’s Children, applies the partnership model to education, providing guidelines for Partnership Education from kindergarten to 12th grade and beyond.
Patrice Flynn is an economist (Ph.D., M.A.) of the Chicago tradition, clinical social worker (M.S.W.), researcher, teacher, and writer concerned about improving economic and social conditions in the U.S. and abroad. Her specialty is empirical measurement with a particular focus on developing models and indicators to assess quality of life. Patrice is skilled at integrating economic concepts and statistics into other fields such as the nonprofit sector, sustainable development, national security, labor rights, politics, and continuing education. She has produced a strong publication record from this research.
Patrice is the founder and CEO of FLYNN RESEARCH, a basic and applied research institute located in the Blue Ridge Mountains, 60-miles outside of Washington, D.C. The firm designs empirical tools to measure the: (a) roles, functions, and contributions of for-profit and nonprofit organizations and (b) overall quality of life in the United States.
Formerly, Patrice was the Vice President of Research at Independent Sector in D.C., a labor economist at The Urban Institute, and the International Food and Nutrition Supervisor for Catholic Relief Services in Rwanda and the Islamic Republic of Mauritania. Dr. Flynn is also an adjunct economics professor at George Washington University where she teaches career Navy and Air Force officers.
Mary Jenifer holds a Master’s in Health Care Administration from the Geroge Washington University. She completed her administrative residency with Dr. Constance Battle at the Hospital for Sick Children. She currently works for Georgetown University in Washington, D.C.
Trudy A. Karlson is a senior scientist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison at the Center for Health Systems Research and Analysis.
Dr. Karlson has a Ph.D. in injury epidemiology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and has done research on motor vehicle crashes, gun violence, emergency medical services, and other areas related to injury prevention and control. She is the author, with Stephen Hargarten, M.D. of a book on gun violence, Reducing Firearm Injuries and Death: A Public Health Sourcebook on Guns published by Rutgers University Press in 1997.
Her recent activities as a senior scientist include developing an emergency department data collection system and an outpatient data system for the State of Wisconsin, linking motor vehicle crash and health data for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and consulting on health care quality measures for employers’ coalitions.
From 1998 to 2000, she was the Deputy Director of the Wisconsin Network for Health Policy Research with Dr. David Kindig, the Director. The Network, housed in the Department of Preventive Medicine, has as its mission to translate health policy research into practice and bring health policy issues to the attention of the research community. From 1994 to 1996, Dr. Karlson was the Director of the Office of Health Care Information, an agency which housed the state’s hospital discharge data system.
In addition to injury control, she has taught program evaluation and research methods to engineering students, medical residents, and public health workers. Dr. Karlson has additional expertise in state health data systems, health care evaluation, quality measurement, and probablistic data linkage methods.
Alya Kayal joined Calvert Group’s Social Research Department in 1994 as an International/Human Rights Analyst. Ms. Kayal was previously employed as a research assistant by the U.S. Department of Labor’s International Labor Affairs Bureau to work on an International Child Labor Report. Ms. Kayal worked on a special project of the U.S. Information Agency and the Soros Foundation on the status of independent media in Eastern Europe and the states of the former Soviet Union. In 1992, Ms. Kayal worked as an aide to the U.S. expert member of the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities. While there, she drafted several human rights resolutions and assisted in the negotiations on complex political and human rights issues with representatives from various countries.
Ms. Kayal is an active member of the American Bar Association’s international law division. She is a co-author of The Forty-Fourth Session of the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities and The Special Session of the Commission on Human Rights on the Situation in the Former Yugoslavia (1993). She is also a contributor to the annual International Legal Developments Review of the International Lawyer, American Bar Association. Ms. Kayal holds a law degree from the University of Minnesota and a B.A. in Sociology and International Communications from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey.
Skip Laitner is a resource economist with more than 30 years of experience in public policy analysis, economic impact studies, and economic development planning. He currently serves as the Senior Economist for Technology Policy within the EPA’s Office of Atmospheric Programs. In that capacity, Mr. Laitner was awarded the EPA’s 1998 Gold Medal for his work with a team of economists that helped lay the foundation for the recent Kyoto Protocol on Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
With more than 150 articles, reports, and studies to his credit, Mr. Laitner is best known for his many studies on the employment, economic development, and productivity benefits of a more energy-efficient future. He is a frequent lecturer and has appeared as an expert witness in more than four dozen legal hearings and adjudicatory proceedings throughout the country. He has testified on a variety of issues before a variety of legislative bodies. Mr. Laitner has conducted technical seminars in such diverse places as Australia, Canada, China, Germany, Korea, and South Africa. He has a master’s degree in resource economics.
Although Mr. Laitner relies on the most credible sources of information to drive his various assessments of the nation’s energy consumption patterns, the Calvert-Henderson Energy Indicator should not be taken as representing the views of either the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the U.S. Government.
Carrie Lee is a graduate student in sociology at Vanderbilt University She holds a B.A. degree from the University of California at Santa Cruz. Her interests are in stratification, gender studies, culture, and policy.
Will Mallett is a Senior Research Analyst with MacroSys Research and Technology where he specializes in transportation, urban development, and public policy and planning. He is a major contributor to reports published by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics and the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment. He has also published research in a variety of academic journals. Dr. Mallett teaches urban geography as an adjunct faculty member in the Department of Geography at George Washington University.
Dr. Mallett holds a Ph.D. in City and Regional Planning from Cornell University and geography degrees from the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom and West Virginia University. He lives with his wife, Cathy, an urban planner, in Arlington, Virginia.
Lawrence Mishel is the Vice President of the Economic Policy Institute, www.epinet.org, and specializes in the field of productivity, competitiveness, income distribution, labor markets, education, and industrial relations. He is the co-author of The State of Working America, a comprehensive review of incomes, wages, employment, and other dimensions of living standards published biennially.
He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Wisconsin, an M.A. in economics from the American University, a B.S. (Magna Cum Laude) from Pennsylvania State University and has been published in a variety of academic and non-academic journals.
Richard Peterson is a Professor of Sociology at Vanderbilt University. He has also served at the University of Wisconsin, the University of Leeds, and the National Endowment for the Arts. A participant in six professional societies, he was the founding Chair of the Culture Section of the American Sociological Association.
Dr. Peterson has authored or edited eight books, the most recent of which are Age and Arts Participation for the National Endowment for the Arts and Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity for the University of Chicago Press. Both were widely reviewed by the national press and the latter has received several awards. Dr. Peterson’s numerous articles have focused on the production and consumption of culture, patterns of leisure, and the working of the media industry.
With colleagues, Dr. Peterson is currently researching the impact of Internet transmission of music on the music industry and on the nature of popular music itself; the changing patterns of recreation among Internet users; long-standing fascination of whites with African-American music; and the Internet-driven coalescence of alternative country music.
Kenneth P. Scott is a is a Portfolio Manager and Research Analyst at Walden Asset Management, the socially responsive investment division of United States Trust Company of Boston (USTC). Mr. Scott is also co-portfolio manager of the Walden SmallCap Innovations. He evaluates the social and environmental performance of client portfolio holdings and participates in shareholder activism initiatives. Mr. Scott also serves as a securities analyst at USTC.
From 1993 through 1998, Ken worked as a senior environmental analyst at Calvert Group, where he evaluated the social performance of mutual fund investments and initiated shareholder dialogue activities. He served previously for three years at the Council on Economic Priorities where he co-authored company-specific environmental reports. Mr. Scott earned a B.A. (with Honors) at Boston College.
Patrick Simmons is Director of Housing Demography at the Fannie Mae Foundation. Prior to joining the Fannie Mae Foundation, he held several positions in the Office of Housing Research at the Fannie Mae corporation, including Manager of Housing Policy Research.
Mr. Simmons is currently managing a multiyear research program on the efforts of the housing finance industry to expand homeownership opportunities for historically undeserved populations. He is also editor of a statistical compendium titled Housing Statistics of the United States, and is Associate Editor of the Foundation’s two research journals, Housing Policy Debate and Journal of Housing Research. While at the Fannie Mae corporation, Mr. Simmons managed research projects in the areas of housing and mortgage market discrimination, homelessness, and urban housing policy.
Colonel Daniel M. Smith graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1966. Commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant of Infantry, Colonel Smith’s initial assignment was as an infantry and heavy weapons platoon leader with the 3rd Armor Division in Germany. Following language training, he then served as an intelligence advisor in Vietnam before returning to the U.S. to do graduate work at Cornell University and teach philosophy and English at West Point.
Subsequent intelligence and public affairs assignments took him to Fort Hood, Texas; the Army Materiel Research and Development Command, where he was the speech writer for the Commanding General; the Defense Intelligence Agency; and Headquarters, Department of the Army. Six of his years with the Defense Intelligence Agency were spent in London working in the British Ministry of Defense and then as Military Attache in the U.S. Embassy. Colonel Smith retired from the Army in 1992 after 26 years service. From April 1993 to September 2002 he was an analyst at the non-partisan Center for Defense Information in Washington, DC, becoming Associate Director in 1995 and Chief of Research in 1999.
Colonel Smith is a graduate of the Army Command and General Staff College, the Armed Forces Staff College, and the Army War College. He was awarded the Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit, Bronze Star, Purple Heart, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Army Commendation Medal, Joint Service Achievement Medal, and the Vietnam Service Medal(4).
Colonel Smith joined the Friends Committee on National Legislation in September 2002 as Senior Fellow on Military Affairs.
Jill Swenson is a tenured associate professor in the Roy H. Park School of Communications with more than 15 years of teaching experience and research related to media ethics, public deliberation, community development, and the role of news in a mass-mediated democracy. She has taught at Ithaca College since 1992. Previously she has held faculty positions at the University of Georgia-Athens, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay, Roosevelt University, and the University of Chicago. She has contributed chapters to nine books, authored six refereed academic journal articles, co-authored an additional six academic articles, and presented 47 conference papers. Her work as a scholar reflects a commitment to creating an informed citizenry, fostering public deliberation, investigating socioeconomic and environmental issues from interdisciplinary approaches, cultivating critical thinking skills, and developing new rigorous research and reporting methods.
Dr. Swenson earned her Ph.D. in 1989 from the Committee on Human Development and her Master of Arts in the Social Sciences in 1981 at the University of Chicago. She graduated from Lawrence University, Appleton, Wisconsin, with a Bachelor of Arts in 1980. She has received previous recognition and support for teaching, research, and service from Lilly, the Poynter Institute, Annenberg Washington Program, International Radio-Television Society Industry/Faculty Seminars, the Freedom Forum Leadership Institute, Kettering Foundation Public Policy Workshops and National Issues Forums, Cox Center, Kellogg, and the Roy H. Park Foundation.